Thursday, February 28, 2013

February Birthdays

Robert Carter III, born February 28, 1727
Robert Carter III was born in Virginia in 1727, the son of Robert Carter II and Priscilla Churchill. He died more than 60 years before the Civil War, and all slaves in the United States were legally freed by the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.

John Rankin, born February 5, 1793
John Rankin was born in Jefferson County, Tennessee to Richard and Jane (Steele) Rankin. Rankin was 68 years old when the Civil War began.

Joseph Vann, born February 11, 1798
Joseph Vann was born at Spring Place, Georgia on February 11, 1798. Vann died 17 years before the Civil War began.

Albert Sidney Johnston, born February 2, 1803
Albert Sidney Johnston was in the village of Washington, Mason County, Kentucky. He was the youngest son of Dr, John Johnston, a physician, and one of the early settlers of that town. Johnston was 58 years old when the Civil War began; he was the commander of the U.S. Army Department of the Pacific in California. He resigned his commission as soon as he heard that the state of Texas had seceded. He joined the Los Angeles Mounted Rifles and they traveled across the southwestern deserts to Confederate territory.

Angelina Grimke, born February 26, 1805
Angelina Emily Grimké was born in Charleston, South Carolina to John Faucheraud Grimke, a wealthy Episcopalian lawyer, judge, planter, politician, slaveholder, Revolutionary War veteran and distinguished member of Charleston society. Angelina was 56 years old when the Civil War began; she was living with her husband, children, and sister, Sarah, in New Jersey. 

Abraham Lincoln, born February 12, 1809
Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, the second child of  Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Lincoln (née Hanks), in a one-room log cabin in Kentucky. Lincoln was 53 years old when the Civil War began; he was assassinated six days after the Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered.

Charles Lenox Remond, born February 1, 1810
Charles Lenox Remond was born free in Salem, Massachusetts to John Remond, a native of the island of  Curacao, a hairdresser, and Nancy Lenox, daughter of a prominent Bostonian, a hairdresser and caterer.  Remond was 51 years old when the Civil War began; he was living in Massachusetts with his family.

Edward Dickinson "Ned" Baker, born February 24, 1811Edward Baker was born in London, England in 1811 to schoolteacher Edward Baker and Lucy Dickinson Baker, poor but educated Quakers. He was fifty years old when the Civil War began.

Alexander Stephens, born February 11, 1812
Alexander Stephens was born on February 11, 1812. His parents were Andrew Baskins Stephens and Margaret Grier, who were married in 1807. The Stephenses lived on a farm near present-day Crawfordville, Georgia. Stephens was 49 years old when the Civil War began. By the time of the Civil War, Stephens owned 34 slaves and several thousand acres.

Samuel Phillips Lee, born February 13, 1812
Samuel Phillips Lee was born February 13, 1812 at "Sully" in Fairfax County, Virginia to Francis Lightfoot Lee II and Jane Fitzgerald. He was 49 years old when the Civil War began.

G. W. Logan, born February 22, 1815
George Washington Logan was born February 22, 1815 in Chimney Rock, Rutherford County, North Carolina. He was 46 years old when the Civil War began.

Richard Stoddert Ewell, born February 8, 1817
Richard Stoddert Ewell was born in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. Ewell was 44 years old when the Civil War began.

Frederick Douglass, born February 1818
Frederick Douglass was born as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, a slave at Holme Hill Farm, Talbot County, Maryland. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a field slave from whom he was separated during his infancy. Douglass never knew for certain whom his father was. He did know that his father was white, and he believed he was his master, Aaron Anthony. Douglass was 43 years old when the Civil War began; he and his family lived in Rochester, New York. He immediately began arguing for the organization of colored troops in the Union Army.

Isham Harris, born February 10, 1818
Isham Green Harris was born in Franklin County, Tennessee. He was the ninth child of Isham Green Harris, a slave-holding farmer and Methodist minister, and his wife Lucy Davidson Harris. Harris was 43 years old when the Civil War began; he was governor of Tennessee. Harris and the legislature were for secession and the Confederacy, but the Union Army invaded and occupied Nashville. Harris joined the Confederate Army.

William Tecumseh Sherman, born February 8, 1820
William Tecunseh Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. His father, Chalres Robert Sherman, a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court, died unexpectedly in 1829. Sherman was 41 years old when the Civil War began; he was superintendent of the Louisiana State Semimary of Learning & Military Academy in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He resigned as superintendent and became president of the Saint Louis Railroad in Saint Louis, Missouri, until he received a commission in the Union Army in June, 1861.

Theodore O'Hara, born February 11, 1820
Theodore O'Hara was born to notable educator Kane O'Hara and his wife in Danville, Kentucky on February 11, 1820. O'Hara was 41 years old when the Civil War began.

Susan B. Anthony, born February 15, 1820Susan Brownwell Anthony was born to Daniel Anthony (1794–1862) and Lucy Read (1793–1880) and raised in West Grove, Massachusetts. She was 41 years old when the Civil War began.

Francis Preston Blair, Jr, born February 19, 1821
Francis Preston Blair, Jr. was born in Lexington, Kentucky. He was the the third and youngest son of Francis Preston and Eliza Gist Blair. He was 41 years old when the Civil War began.

Mother Angela Gillespie, born February 21, 1824
Eliza Maria Gillespie was born near Brownsville on the Monongahela River in Washington county, Pennsylvania, on 21 February, 1824. She was 37 years old when the Civil War began.

John Logan, born February 9, 1826
John Alexander Logan was born in 1826 near what is now Murphysboro, Jackson County, Illinois. Logan was the son of Dr. and Mrs. John Logan, a prominent family in the area. Logan was 35 years old when the Civil War began; he was a Democratic Congressional representative. He fought at Bull Run as an unattached volunteer to a Michigan regiment, then resigned his congressional seat and and entered the Union Army as colonel of the 31st Illinois Volunteers, which he organized.

Sarah Anne Ellis Dorsey, born February 16, 1829
Sarah Anne Ellis was born in 1829 to Mary Malvina Routh and Thomas George Percy Ellis, both from wealthy planter families, in Natchez, Mississpippi. She was 32 years old when the Civil War began.

Elizabeth Hamilton Halleck, born February 9, 1835
Elizabeth Hamilton was born February 9, 1835 in Westernville, New York. She was 26 years old when the Civil War began.

Cornelia Hancock, born February 8, 1840
Cornelia Hancock was born in 1840 at Hancock's Bridge, Salem County, New Jersey to Thomas Yorke and Rachel (Nicholson) Hancock, she was the fourth child and third daughter in this Quaker abolitionist family. Hancock was 21 years old when the Civil War began; she became a nurse two years later.

William Harvey Carney, born February 29, 1840
He was born simply as "William," a slave in Norfolk, Virginia on February 29, 1840. He was 21 years old when the Civil War began.

James Edward Hanger, born February 25, 1843
James Edward Hanger was born at Mount Hope, his father's plantation near Churchville, Virginia. He was an 18-year-old sophomore when the Civil War began, and he decided to leave school and join the newly formed Churchville Cavalry, which was under the command of Captain Franklin Sterrett. 

Angelina Weld Grimke, born February 27, 1880
Angelina Weld Grimké was born in Boton, Massachusetts in 1880, 15 years after the end of the Civil War, to to a biracial family.

Rosa Parks, born February 4, 1913 - 100 YEARS AGO
Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama 48 years after the Civil War ended. She was born Rosa Louise McCauley to Leona (née Edwards) and James McCauley, a teacher and a carpenter, respectively.

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