John Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio to Mary Hoyt Sherman and Charles Robert Sherman, a justice in the Ohio Supreme Court.
|Birthplace of John Sherman in Lancaster, Ohio|
|Charles Robert Sherman|
When his father died in 1829 , Mary was left with no income to support her large family, and relied on friends and family to help raise her children. Keeping three daughters, a toddler son and infant daughter in the home with her, she sent her three middle sons, William, Tecumseh, John and Lampson, to be raised by friends and family. His older brother, William, went to live with Maria and Thomas Ewing, who were friends of the Sherman family.
He married Cecilia Margaret Stewart in 1848, the only daughter of a prominent and wealthy Ohio judge. In 1853, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio.
|John Sherman in 1859|
|Hinton Rowan Helper|
One day, John Sherman took me with him to see Mr. Lincoln. He walked into the room where the secretary to the President now sits, we found the room full of people, and Mr. Lincoln sat at the end of the table, talking with three or four gentlemen, who soon left. John walked up, shook hands, and took a chair near him, holding in his hand some papers referring to, minor appointments in the State of Ohio, which formed the subject of conversation. Mr. Lincoln took the papers, said he would refer them to the proper heads of departments, and would be glad to make the appointments asked for, if not already promised.
John then turned to me, and said, "Mr. President, this is my brother, Colonel Sherman, who is just up from Louisiana, he may give you some information you want." "Ah!" said Mr. Lincoln, "how are they getting along down there?" I said, "They think they are getting along swimmingly-they are preparing for war." "Oh, well!" said he, "I guess we'll manage to keep house."
I was silenced, said no more to him, and we soon left. I was sadly disappointed, and remember that I broke out on John, d-ning the politicians generally, saying, "You have got things in a hell of a fig, and you may get them out as you best can," adding that the country was sleeping on a volcano that might burst forth at any minute, but that I was going to St. Louis to take care of my family, and would have no more to do with it. John begged me to be more patient, but I said I would not; that I had no time to wait, that I was off for St. Louis; and off I went.Senator Sherman himself admitted of his brother: "Cump is like a fine machine with every screw one half turn loose."
|William Tecumseh Sherman|
In 1877, newly elected President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Sherman Secretary of the Treasury. He served in the position through the entire Hayes administration, 1877 to 1881.
|Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Sherman in 1890|
In 1890, Sherman wrote and introduced the Sherman Antitrust Act, the first United States Federal Government action to limit monopolies.
|Sherman Anti-Trust Act|
|Sherman in 1896|