The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War.
In the 1880s, the organization revived under new leadership that provided a platform for renewed growth, by advocating federal pensions for vetereans. As the organization revived, black veterans joined in significant numbers and organized local posts. The national organization, however, failed to press the case for pensions for black soldiers.The GAR's peak membership, at more than 490,000, was in 1890, a high point of Civil War commemorative ceremonies.
|The Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War |
dedicated a flagpole in Eden Park
The Grand Army Arch spanned Vine Street at 12th Street in 1898. It showed soldiers from the Union and the Confederacy clasping hands, below which is the motto "United we Stand, Divided we Fall".
One of the main tenants of the GAR was uniting a divided country.
The local transit system was overwhelmed and broke down due to the huge numbers of people attending the encampment. Thousands of conventioneers were stranded.