Anderson Ruffin Abbott was born in Toronto, Canada, the son of Wilson Ruffin Abbott and and Ellen (Toyer) Abbott. The Abbotts were a prominent black family in Toronto who, as free people of color, had left Alabama after their store had been ransacked. After living a short time in New York, the family relocated to Canada in 1835 or 1836. Wilson Abbott began to purchase real estate in and around Toronto; he owned 48 properties by 1871 and also became active in politics.
|Wilson Ruffin Abbott|
|Alexander Thomas Augusta|
He was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
|Washington, D.C. during the Civil War|
Like his father, Abbott became an important member of the black community in Toronto. From 1873 to 1880, he fought against racially segregated schools. He was appointed coroner for Kent County, Ontario in 1874, the first Black man to hold that office.
In 1894, Abbott was appointed surgeon-in-chief at Provident Hospital in Chicago, the first training hospital for black nurses in the United States. He became the hospital's medical superintendent In 1896 but resigned the following year.
|W. E B. Du Bois|
|Mary Ann Casey Abbott|
At the age of 76, Abbott died on December 29, 1913, at the Toronto home of his son-in-law Frederick Langdon Hubbard, son of his long-time friend William Peyton Hubbard.
|William Peyton Hubbard|