|Frederick Law Olmsted, oil painting by John Singer Sargent, 1895|
He was 39 years old when the Civil War began.
|Olmsted Home on Staten Island|
"My own observation of the real condition of the people of our Slave States, gave me ... an impression that the cotton monopoly in some way did them more harm than good; and although the written narration of what I saw was not intended to set this forth, upon reviewing it for the present publication, I find the impression has become a conviction.
'. . . The citizens of the cotton States, as a whole, are poor. They work little, and that little, badly; they earn little, they sell little; they buy little, and they have little – very little – of the common comforts and consolations of civilized life. Their destitution is not material only; it is intellectual and it is moral... They were neither generous nor hospitable and their talk was not that of evenly courageous men.'
|Plan for Central Park|
|View of Willowdell Arch with the team that created Central Park. |
Standing on the pathway over the span, from Right: Frederick Law Olmsted, Jacob Wrey Mould, Ignaz Anton Pilat, Calvert Vaux, George Waring, and Andrew Haswell Green
Photographed in 1862.
|Central Park, New York City, New York|
|John Charles Olmsted, nephew and adopted son|
|Olmsted during the Civil War|
|Seal of United States Sanitary Commission|
|White House in Virginia|
In 1864 he was appointed Commission of Yosemite and the Mariposa Big Tree Grove in California.
In 1865, Olmsted co-founded the magazine The Nation.
|Plan for Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York|
|Workers in Prospect Park|
|Henry Hobson Richardson|
|"Fairsted" in Brookline, Massachusetts|
|Olmsted walking with his daughter, Marion|
In December 1895, a mental breakdown and senility forced Olmsted to retire. He moved to Belmont, Massachusetts and took up residence as a patient at McLean Hospital, whose grounds he had designed several years before.
|McLean Asylum, Massachusetts|
He remained there until his death.
|Olmsted Family Grave|
After Olmsted's retirement and death, his sons, John Charles Olmsted and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., continued the work of the firm, doing business as the Olmsted Brothers.