John Hunt Morgan, born June 1, 1825
Lewis Thornton Powell (aka Lewis Paine or Payne),
born April 22, 1844
Lewis Powell was born in Randolph County, Alabama, on April 22, 1844 to a Baptist minister, schoolmaster, farmer, blacksmith and slaveowner, George Cader Powell, and his young wife Patience Caroline Powell, who was a distant cousin. He was 17 when the Civil War began. He died four years later at the end of the war, at the age of 21, hanged for conspiracy in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
Rosa Parks, born February 4, 1913
Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama to Leona Edwards and James McCauley, a teacher and a carpenter. She was born 48 years after the Civil War ended. The former Confederate states had passed new constitutions and electoral laws that effectively disfranchised black voters and, in Alabama, many poor white voters as well. Under the white-established Jim Crow laws, racial segregation was imposed in public facilities and retail stores in the South, including public transportation. Bus and train companies enforced seating policies with separate sections for blacks and whites. School bus transportation was unavailable in any form for black schoolchildren in the South, and black education was always underfunded.
John Brown, born May 9, 1800
John Brown was born May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut. He was the fourth of eight children of Owen Brown and Ruth Mills Brown. He died more than a year before the Civil War began, at the age of 59.
David Ruggles, born March 10, 1810
David Ruggles was born in Lyme, Connecticut. His parents were David Ruggles, Sr. and Nancy Ruggles, both free blacks. He died 10 years before the Civil War began.
Henry Ward Beecher, born June 24, 1813
Frederick Law Olmsted, born April 26, 1822
Frederick Law Olmsted was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on April 26, 1822. He was 39 years old when the Civil War began.
John Pierpont Morgan, born April 17, 1837
John Pierpont "J. P." Morgan was born in Hartford, Connecticut, the first child of Junius Spencer Morgan and Juliet Pierpont. He was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
Joseph Vann, born February 11, 1798
Joseph Vann was born at Spring Place, Georgia on February 11, 1798. Vann died 17 years before the Civil War began.
Alexander Stephens, born February 11, 1812
Alexander Stephens was born on February 11, 1812. His parents were Andrew Baskins Stephens and Margaret Grier, who were married in 1807. The Stephenses lived on a farm near present-day Crawfordville, Georgia. Stephens was 49 years old when the Civil War began. By the time of the Civil War, Stephens owned 34 slaves and several thousand acres.
Montgomery Meigs, born May 3, 1816
Montgomery Cunningham Meigs was born in Augusta, Georgia on May 3, 1816. He was the son of Dr. Charles Delucena Meigs and Mary Montgomery Meigs. His father was a nationally known obstetrician and professor of obstetrics at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was 45 years old when the Civil War began.
P.B.S. Pinchback, born May 10, 1837
Pinckney Benton Stewart was born May 10, 1837, in Macon, Georgia, the eighth of ten children of Eliza Stewart, a former slave, and Major William Pinchback, a planter and her former master. They lived together as husband and wife, but interracial marriage was forbidden by state laws. P.B.S. Pinchback was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
Henry Adams, born March 16, 1843
Born a slave in Newton County, Georgia on March 16, 1843, Henry Adams was originally named Henry Houston but his name was changed at the age of seven when he and his family became the property of the teen-aged Nancy Emily Adams. He was 18 years old when the Civil War began.
Henry Flipper, born March 21, 1856
Henry Ossian Flipper was born into slavery in 1856 in Thomasville, Georgia. He was 6 years old when the Civil War began in April 1861.
John Logan, born February 9, 1826
John Alexander Logan was born in 1826 near what is now Murphysboro, Jackson County, Illinois. Logan was the son of Dr. and Mrs. John Logan, a prominent family in the area. Logan was 35 years old when the Civil War began; he was a Democratic Congressional representative. He fought at Bull Run as an unattached volunteer to a Michigan regiment, then resigned his congressional seat and and entered the Union Army as colonel of the 31st Illinois Volunteers, which he organized.
Nella Larsen, born April 13, 1891
Nellallitea Walker was born in Chicago, Illinois, on April 13, 1891, the daughter of Marie Hanson, a Danish immigrant, and Peter Walker, a West Indian man of predominantly African descent from Saint Croix. She was born 26 years after the Civil War ended.
Lew Wallace, born April 10, 1827
William Martin Dickson, born September 19, 1827
William Martin Dickson was born in Lexington, Indiana. He lost his father, a farmer, at the age of 8. He was 33 years old when the Civil War began.
|Albert Sidney Johnston|
born February 2, 1803
Albert Sidney Johnston was born in the village of Washington, Mason County, Kentucky. He was the youngest son of Doctor John Johnston, a physician and one of the early settlers of that town. His mother was Abigail Harris Johnston. Johnston was 58 years old when the Civil War began; he was the commander of the U.S. Army Department of the Pacific in California. He resigned his commission as soon as he heard that the state of Texas had seceded.
Clairborne Fox Jackson, born April 4, 1806
Claiborne Fox Jackson, one of ten children of Dempsey Carroll and Mary Orea "Molly" (Pickett) Jackson, was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, where his father was a wealthy tobacco farmer and slaveholder. He was 55 years old when the Civil War began.
Abraham Lincoln, born February 12, 1809
Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, the second child of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy LIncoln (née Hanks), in a one-room log cabin Kentucky. Lincoln was 53 years old when the Civil War began; he was assassinated six days after the Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered.
Ormsby Mitchel, born August 28, 1810
Cassius Marcellus Clay, born October 19, 1810
Cassius Clay, nicknamed "Cash", was the youngest son of the nine children of General Green Clay and his wife, Sally Lewis Clay. He was born at Clermont, their home in the Richmond area of Madison County, Kentucky. He was 50 years old when the Civil War began.
Beriah Magoffin, born April 18, 1815
John Gregg Fee, born September 9, 1816
Theodore O'Hara, born February 11, 1820
Theodore O'Hara was born to notable educator Kane O'Hara and his wife in Danville, Kentucky on February 11, 1820. O'Hara was 41 years old when the Civil War began.
Francis Preston Blair, Jr, born February 19, 1821
Francis Preston Blair, Jr. was born in Lexington, Kentucky. He was the the third and youngest son of Francis Preston and Eliza Gist Blair. He was 41 years old when the Civil War began.
William "Bull" Nelson, born September 27, 1824
William Nelson was the third son of Dr. Thomas W. Nelson (1796–1849) and Frances Doniphan (1795–1845) of Maysville, Kentucky. Thomas Nelson was well connected within the region, serving in the state legislature and on the Board of Trustees of Transylvania University. William Nelson as 36 years old when the Civil War began.
Charles W. Field, born April 6, 1828
Charles William Field was born at the family plantation, "Airy Mount," in Woodford County, Kentucky. He was 33 years old when the Civil War began.
Andrew Jackson Smith, born September 3, 1843
Mary "Queen" Mellen Palmer, born March 26, 1850
Mary Lincoln Mellen was born in Prestonburg, Kentucky on March 26, 1850. She was 11 years old when the Civil War began.
Garrett Morgan, born March 4, 1877
Garrett Morgan was born in Paris, Kentucky, 12 years after the end of the Civil War toSydney, a former slave and son of Confederate Col. John Hunt Morgan, and Eliza Reed, also a former slave.
Dorothea Lynde Dix, born April 4, 1802
Dorothea Lynde Dix was born in the town of Hampden, Maine. She was 59 years old when the Civil War began.
Roger Taney, born March 17, 1777
Roger Brooke Taney was born March 17, 1777. He was the third child and the second son of seven (four sons and three daughters) born to a slaveholding family of Roman Catholic tobacco planters in Calvert County, Maryland. He was 84 years old when the Civil War began, and died 3 years later, before it ended.
born ca. February 14, 1818
Frederick Douglass was born as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, a slave at Holme Hill Farm, Talbot County, Maryland. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a field slave from whom he was separated during his infancy. Douglass never knew for certain whom his father was. He did know that his father was white, and he believed he was their owner, Aaron Anthony. Douglass was 43 years old when the Civil War began; he had escaped from slavery more than 20 years earlier.
Harriet Tubman, born ca. 1822
Araminta "Minty" Ross, who was later known as Harriet Tubman, was born to slave parents, Harriet ("Rit") Green and Ben Ross in Maryland, in the early 1820s. Neither the exact year nor place of her birth was recorded. The year 1822 is based on a midwife payment and several other historical documents, including a later runaway advertisement. She was probably born on Anthony Thompson’s plantation in Dorchester County, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. At some point in her young adult life, Minty began calling herself "Harriet" Tubman; she was approximately 40 years old when the Civil War began.
Lucretia Coffin Mott
born January 3, 1793
Lucretia Coffin, born on the island of Nantucket, Massachusetts, was the second child of Anna Folger and Thomas Coffin, Jr. Her parents were Quakers; Thomas Coffin was a ship captain, and Anna Coffin was a shopkeeper. On April 10, 1811, at the age of 18, Lucretia Coffin married James Mott at Pine Street Meeting in Philadelphia. Mott was 68 years old when the Civil War began; she and her husband were living in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania and celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in April 1861.
|Charles Lenox Remond|
Margaret Fuller, born May 23, 1810
Sarah Margaret Fuller was born May 23, 1810, in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, the first child of Timothy Fuller, an attorney, and Margaret Crane Fuller. The Fullers were descended from Thomas Fuller, a pious and poetry-writing Englishman who settled in Salem in 1638. Timothy’s father, a clergyman, had opposed the signing of the United States Constitution on the grounds that it condoned human slavery. She died 11 years before the Civil War began, at the age of 40.
Susan B. Anthony, born February 15, 1820
Susan Brownwell Anthony was born to Daniel Anthony (1794–1862) and Lucy Read (1793–1880) and raised in West Grove, Massachusetts. She was 41 years old when the Civil War began.
Emily Parsons, born March 8, 1824
Emily Parsons was born on March 8, 1824 in Taunton, Massachusetts, the daughter of Professor Theophilus Parsons of the Harvard Law School and granddaughter of the late Chief Justice Parsons of Massachusetts. She was 37 years old and living in Cambridge at the beginning of the Civil War.
George Francis Train, born March 24, 1829
George Francis Train was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1829, son of Oliver Train and his wife Maria, née Pickering. He was 32 years old when the Civil War began.
Grenville Dodge, born April 12, 1831
Angelina Weld Grimké, born February 27, 1880
Angelina Weld Grimké was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1880, 15 years after the end of the Civil War, to to a biracial family.
Lorinda Anna Blair Etheridge Hooks, born May 3, 1839
Sarah Anne Ellis Dorsey, born February 16, 1829
Sarah Anne Ellis was born in 1829 to Mary Malvina Routh and Thomas George Percy Ellis, both from wealthy planter families, in Natchez, Mississpippi. She was 32 years old when the Civil War began.
John Marmaduke, born March 14, 1833
The fourth child and second son among ten children, Marmaduke was born on his father's plantation near Arrow Rocke in Saline County, Missouri. He was 28 years old when the Civil War began.
Samuel Clemens / Mark Twain, born November 30, 1835
Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born in Florida, Missouri, the son of Jane (née Lampton; 1803–1890), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (1798–1847), from a Virginia family that owned slaves. Sam, named after his father's father, was the sixth of seven children. Sam Clemens was 25 years old when the Civil War began.
Charles Anderson Dana was born in Hinsdale, New Hampshire, the first child of Anderson and Ann Denison Dana. His paternal grandfather was a Revolutionary War soldier and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. His father. Anderson Dana, was a merchant who failed in business when his oldest son was a few years old. Charles Dana was 41 years old when the Civil War began.
George Nelson Stone, born July 17, 1839
George Nelson Stone was born in Stark, New Hampshire. When he was three years old, his parents with their three sons and five daughters moved to Lowell, Massachusetts. At ten years old, he was office boy for a year for Benjamin F. Butler, who was a successful attorney in Lowell. He was 21 years old when the Civil War began.
John Woolman, born October 19, 1720
John Woolman was the fourth child and eldest son in a family of thirteen children belonging to the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). His father Samuel Woolman was a farmer. The family farm was in Burlington County of the New Jersey colony. John was named after his father's father, one of the early Quaker settlers of New Jersey. John Woolman died 87 years before the Civil War began.
John McLean, born March 11, 1785
John McLean was born in Morris County, New Jersey, on March 11, 1785, the son of Fergus McLean and Sophia Blackford. He was born two years after the end of the Revolutionary War, and died a week before the beginning of the Civil War.
born January 4, 1789
Benjamin Lundy was born to Quaker parents at Greensville in Sussex County, New Jersey. He was the only child of Joseph and Elizabeth Shotwell Lundy. His mother died when he was four years old, and he was raised by his stepmother, Mary Titus Lundy. As a boy, he worked on his father's farm, attending school for only brief periods. He died 22 years before the Civil War began.
Grover Cleveland, born March 18, 1837
Stephen Grover Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey to Richard Falley Cleveland and Ann Neal Cleveland. Grover Cleveland was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
Cornelia Hancock, born February 8, 1840
Cornelia Hancock was born in 1840 at Hancock's Bridge, Salem County, New Jersey to Thomas Yorke and Rachel (Nicholson) Hancock, she was the fourth child and third daughter in this Quaker abolitionist family. Hancock was 21 years old when the Civil War began; she became a nurse two years later.
William Seward, born May 16, 1801
William Henry Seward was born in Florida, New York on May 16, 1801, the fourth of six children born to Samuel Sweezy Seward and his wife Mary Jennings Seward. At the time there were only a dozen buildings in the village of Florida. The Seward house consisted of 5 rooms on the main floor with a staircase leading to a large loft made up of 2 bedrooms with sloping walls and a large chimney. The Sewards owned three slaves who lived in the kitchen and the attic above it. He was 60 years old when the Civil War began.
James McCune Smith, born April 18, 1813
James McCune Smith was born free in 1813 in New York City, New York; his mother, Lavinia Smith, was a slave from South Carolina who had been brought to New York by her master. He was 48 years old when the Civil War began; he would die five months after it ended.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, born November 12, 1815
Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage, born March 24, 1826
Matilda Joslyn was born March 24, 1826, in Cicero, New York, a daughter of the abolitionist Hezekiah Joslyn and his wife, Helen Leslie. She was 35 years old when the Civil War began.
Philip Sheridan, born March 6, 1831
Philip Henry Sheridan claimed to have been born in Albany, New York, the third child of six by John and Mary Meenagh Sheridan, immigrants from Ireland. Other accounts indicate that he may have been born at sea while his parents were immigrating from Ireland. He was 30 years old when the Civil War began.
Mary Edwards Walker, born November 26, 1832
Mary Edwards Walker was born in the town of Oswego, New York, the daughter of Alvah and Vesta Whitcomb Walker, who was a cousin of Robert Ingersoll. Mary was the youngest of five daughters: Aurora, Luna, Vesta, and Cynthia; they had one younger brother, Alvah, Jr. Mary Walker was 28 years old when the Civil War began.
Robert Ingersoll, born August 11, 1833
Robert Green Ingersoll was born in Dresden, New York, the youngest of five children of John and Mary Livingston Ingersoll: Ruth, John, Mary Jane, Ebon Clark and Robert. Shortly before Robert's birth, Mary Ingersoll circulated a petition to Congress that slavery be abolished in Washington, D.C. Robert's middle name, "Green", was in honor of Reverend Beriah Green, a reformer and abolitionist. The family called him "Bob". He was 27 years old when the Civil War began.
Elizabeth Hamilton Halleck, born February 9, 1835
Elizabeth Hamilton was born February 9, 1835 in Westernville, New York. She was 26 years old when the Civil War began.
Elmer Ellsworth, born April 11, 1837
Mary White Ovington, born April 11, 1865
Mary White Ovington was born in Brooklyn, New York a few days before the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She was born as the Civil War was ending.
William R. King, born April 7, 1785
William Rufus DeVane King was born in Sampson County, North Carolina, the second son of William King and Margaret DeVane. He died 8 years before the Civil War began.
Levi Coffin, born October 28, 1798
Levi Coffin was born on a farm near New Garden in Guilford County, North Carolina, the son of Levi Coffin Sr. and Prudence Williams Coffin. He was a descendant of Tristam Coffin, who came to America in 1642 and was one of nine purchasers of Nantucket from the Indians. Levi's father had been born in in 1763. In 1773, before the American Revolution, a large group of Quakers emigrated from Nantucket to North Carolina; Levi's grandfather, William Coffin, established a family farm in the New Garden community. William and Priscilla Coffin had ten children--eight sons and two daughters--all of whom lived to have families of their own. All were members of the Religious Society of Friends. Levi Coffin was 62 years old when the Civil War began.
G. W. Logan, born February 22, 1815
George Washington Logan was born February 22, 1815 in Chimney Rock, Rutherford County, North Carolina. He was 46 years old when the Civil War began.
Zebulon Vance, born May 13, 1830
Zebulon Baird Vance was born at the family homestead along Reems Creek in Buncombe County, North Carolina, the third child and second son of eight children. His parents were David Vance II and Mira Margaret Baird Vance. Vance was named for his maternal grandfather, Zebulon Baird. He was 31 years old when the Civil War began.
Edwin Stanton, born December 19, 1814
Edwin McMasters Stanton was born in Steubenville, Ohio, the first child of David and Lucy Norman Stanton. His father was from a Quaker family, but was obliged to leave the Society of Friends when he married Lucy, who was a Methodist. Lucy Norman was the daughter of a wealthy Virginia planter and miller. Edwin's middle name was in honor of a Methodist minister, Reverend David McMasters, who was Lucy's godfather. He was 46 years old when the Civil War began.
William Tecumseh Sherman, born February 8, 1820
William Tecunseh Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. His father, Charles Robert Sherman, a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court, died unexpectedly in 1829. Sherman was 41 years old when the Civil War began; he was superintendent of the Louisiana State Semimary of Learning & Military Academy in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He resigned as superintendent and became president of the Saint Louis Railroad in Saint Louis, Missouri, until he received a commission in the Union Army in June, 1861.
Clement Vallandigham. born July 29, 1820
Clement Laird Vallandigham was born New Lisbon, Ohio (now Lisbon, Ohio), the fifth of seven children of Clement Vallandigham, a Presbyterian minister, and his wife Rebecca Laird Vallandigham. He was 41 years old when the Civil War began.
Abram Piatt, born May 2, 1821
Abram Sanders Piatt was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Benjamin McCullough Piatt of Ohio and Elizabeth Barnett of Virginia. He was 40 years old when the Civil War began.
John Sherman, born May 10, 1823
John Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio to Mary Hoyt Sherman and Charles Robert Sherman, a justice in the Ohio Supreme Court. He was the eighth child in the family that would eventually number eleven children: six sons and five daughters. He was 39 years old when the Civil War began.
George H. Pendleton born July 19, 1825
George Hunt Pendleton was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the fourth of seven children in the wealthy and prominent family of Nathanael Greene Pendleton. Nathanael Greene Pendleton served in the War of 1812 and was one of Ohio's representatives in the United States Congress. He was 36 years old when the Civil War began.
Peter Humprhies Clark was born March 29, 1829 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Peter Humphries Clark was 32 years old when the Civil War began.
Alexander McCook, born April 22, 1831
Alexander McDowell McCook was born the fifth son of Daniel and Margaret McCook in Columbiana County, Ohio. He was 30 years old when the Civil War began.
Albion W. Tourgée, born May 2, 1838
George Elstner, born March 14, 1842
George Elstner was born in Cincinnati, Ohio where he lived until the Civil War began. He was 19 years old at the beginning of the war. He was killed while leading his regiment at the Battle of Utoy Creek on August 8, 1864 near Atlanta, Georgia when he was 22 years old.
Ralph Ellison, born March 1, 1914
Ralph Ellison, named after Ralph Waldo Emerson, was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, to Lewis Alfred Ellison and Ida Millsap. He was the grandson of former slaves. Ellison was born about 50 years after the end of the Civil War.
Simon Cameron, born March 9, 1799
Simon Cameron was born in Maytown, Pennsylvania, the third son of Charles Cameron, a poor tailor, and Martha Pfoutz. He was 62 years old when the Civil War began.
Mother Angela Gillespie, born February 21, 1824
Eliza Maria Gillespie was born near Brownsville on the Monongahela River in Washington county, Pennsylvania, on 21 February, 1824. She was 37 years old when the Civil War began.
Isaac Israel Hayes, born March 5, 1832
Isaac Israel Hayes was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania and raised in a Quaker family. He was 29 years old when the Civil War began.
Sullivan Ballou, born March 28, 1829
Sullivan Ballou was the son of Hiram and Emeline (Bowen) Ballou, a distinguished Hugenot family in Smithfield, Rhode Island. He was 32 years old when the Civil War began, and died 3 months later at the First Battle of Bull Run.
John Calhoun, born March 18, 1782
John Caldwell Calhoun was born in 1782, the fourth child and third son of Patrick Calhoun and his second wife, Martha Caldwell, in Abbeville District, South Carolina. He was born a year before the Revolutionary War ended, and died 11 years before the Civil War began.
Angelina Grimké, born February 26, 1805
Angelina Emily Grimké was born in Charleston, South Carolina, to John Faucheraud Grimke, a wealthy Episcopalian lawyer, judge, planter, politician, slaveholder, Revolutionary War veteran and distinguished member of Charleston society. Angelina was 56 years old when the Civil War began; she was living with her husband, children, and sister, Sarah, in New Jersey.
born August 4th, 1810
Robert Purvis was born August 4, 1810 in Charleston, South Carolina, the second of three sons. His father was William Purvis, an English immigrant who was in business with his brothers as a cotton broker. His mother, Harriet Judah, was a woman of color. Robert and his two brothers (William, born in 1806, and Joseph, born in 1812) were three-quarters European by ancestry. Robert Purvis was 50 years when the Civil War began.
Louis Trezevant Wigfall, born April 21, 1816
Wade Hampton III was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the eldest son of Wade Hampton II, one of the wealthiest planters in the South and the owner of the largest number of slaves. He was 43 years old when the Civil War began.
Mary Boykin Chesnut, born March 31, 1823
Mary Boykin Miller was born on March 31, 1823, on her maternal grandparents' plantation, Mount Pleasant, near Stateburg, South Carolina. She was 38 years old when the Civil War began.
Martin Witherspoon Gary, born March 25, 1831
Martin Witherspoon Gary was born in Cokesbury, South Carolina, the third son of Dr. Thomas Reeder Gary and Mary Ann Porter. He was 30 years old when the Civil War began.
Joseph Rainey, born June 21, 1832
Evander McIver Law, born August 7, 1836
Evander McIver Law was born in Darlington, in Darlington County, South Carolina. He was the first child and oldest son of eleven children born to Ezekiel Augustus Law, an attorney, judge and legislator, and Sarah Elizabeth “Bettie” McIver. His paternal grandfather, William Law, at the age of sixteen became a soldier in the Revolutionary armies. A maternal great-grandfather, Abel Kolb, fought in the American Revolutionary War under Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox" guerilla leader. His maternal grandfather, E. R. McIver. was a prominent citizen of South Carolina; during the nullification troubles in the 1830s, he was commissioned as a Brigadier-General of South Carolina troops, when the state was threatening to leave the Union and raising an army. Evander McIver Law was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
Robert Smalls, born April 5, 1839
Robert Smalls was born in 1839 into slavery, in a cabin behind the house of his master John McKee in Beaufort, South Carolina. He was 22 years old when the Civil War began.
born Febuary 5, 1793
John Rankin was born in Jefferson County, Tennessee , the fourth son of Richard and Jane Steele Rankin. Following the birth of their first son, Richard and Jane Rankin had moved to eastern Tennessee from Virginia. Richard and Jane Rankin would raise eleven sons and one daughter. Religion and reading played key roles in their childhoods. They were staunch Presbyterians; Jane “earnestly opposed the use of whiskey and tobacco, and zealously spoke against Free Masonry”. She also strongly opposed dance and frolicking in any form. The most important and lasting impression Jane made on John was her unyielding opposition to slavery.
He was 68 years old when the Civil War began.
Isham Harris, born February 10, 1818
Isham Green Harris was born in Franklin County, Tennessee. He was the ninth child of Isham Green Harris, a slave-holding farmer and Methodist minister, and his wife Lucy Davidson Harris. Harris was 43 years old when the Civil War began; he was governor of Tennessee. Harris and the legislature were for secession and the Confederacy, but the Union Army invaded and occupied Nashville. Harris joined the Confederate Army.
Nathan Bedford Forrest, born July 13, 1821
Nathan Bedford Forrest was born to a poor family near Chapel Hill in Bedford County, Tennessee. He and his twin sister, Fanny, were the two eldest of blacksmith William Forrest's children with wife Mariam Beck. Bedford, as he was called, was named for his grandfather and the county in which he was born. He had five younger brothers: John, William, Aaron, Jesse, and Jeffrey. The other children, including Nathan's twin sister, Fanny, died as children. When the Civil War began. Nathan Bedford Forrest was 40 years old and a millionaire. He was one of the richest men in the South, having amassed a personal fortune that he claimed was worth $1.5 million.
Jefferson C. Davis, born March 2, 1828
Jefferson Columbus Davis was the first of eight children born near present-day Memphis, in Clark County, Indiana to William Davis and Mary Drummond. He was 33 years old when the Civil War began.
Henry Thomas Harrison, born April 23, 1832
Henry Thomas Harrison, the son of Henry Hargrove Harrison and Rebecca Pearson Harrison, was born near Nashville on April 23, 1832. He was 29 years old when the Civil War began.
Martha "Mattie" Ready Morgan, born June 21, 1840
Martha Ready was born near Murfreesboro, Tennessee on June 21, 1840. She was the sixth of eight children, and the second of four girls, born to Colonel Charles Ready, Jr. and Martha Strong Ready. She was 21 years old when the Civil War began.
Milton Holland, born August 1st, 1844
Thaddeus Stevens, born April 4, 1792
Thaddeus Stevens was born in Danville, Vermont on April 4, 1792. He was 69 years old when the Civil War began.
James Fisk, born April 1, 1835
Cyrus Pringle, born May 6, 1838
Robert Carter III, born February 28, 1727
Robert Carter III was born in Virginia in 1727, the son of Robert Carter II and Priscilla Churchill. He died more than 60 years before the Civil War, and all slaves in the United States were legally freed by the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
Henry Clay, born April 12, 1777
Samuel Phillips Lee, born February 13, 1812
Samuel Phillips Lee was born February 13, 1812 at "Sully" in Fairfax County, Virginia to Francis Lightfoot Lee II and Jane Fitzgerald. He was 49 years old when the Civil War began.
Martin Delany, born May 6, 1812
Martin Robison Delany was born free in Charles Town, Virginia (later West Virginia) to Pati Peace and Samuel Delany. Although his father, Samuel, was an enslaved carpenter, his mother was a free woman and a seamstress. He was 49 years old when the Civil War began.
Wilmer McLean, born May 3, 1814
Wilmer McLean was born on May 3, 1814 in Alexandria, Virginia. He was 47 years old when the Civil War began.
George H. Thomas, born July 31, 1816
George Henry Thomas was born at Thomaston, near Newsom's Depot, in Southampton County, Virginia. His father, John Thomas, of Welsh descent, and his mother, Elizabeth Rochelle Thomas, a descendant of French Huguenot immigrants, had nine children. George was the youngest of the three boys; he had six sisters. He was 44 years old when the Civil War began.
John Wayles Jefferson, born May 8, 1835
John Wayles Hemings was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, on May 8, 1835, the first son of Eston Hemings, a former slave who was seven-eights of European descent, and Julia Ann Isaacs, the mixed-race daughter of a wealthy Jewish merchant. John is believed to have been the grandson of Sarah ("Sally") Hemings, a slave, and her master, Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States. John was 26 years old when the Civil War began.
Powhatan Beaty, born October 8, 1837
Powhatan Beaty was born into slavery in Richmond, Virginia. It is unknown when and how he escaped slavery. He moved to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1849. While in school, he developed an interest in theater and made his public acting debut at a school concert. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to Henry Boyd, a black furniture maker, and became an experienced wood lathe operator. Powhatan Beaty was 23 years old when the Civil War began.
William Harvey Carney, born February 29, 1840
He was born simply as "William," a slave in Norfolk, Virginia on February 29, 1840. He was 21 years old when the Civil War began.
James Edward Hanger, born February 25, 1843
James Edward Hanger was born at Mount Hope, his father's plantation near Churchville, Virginia. He was an 18-year-old sophomore when the Civil War began, and he decided to leave school and join the newly formed Churchville Cavalry, which was under the command of Captain Franklin Sterrett.
Belle Boyd, born May 9, 1843
Isabella Marie Boyd was born in Berkeley County, Virginia, the eldest child of Benjamin Reed and Mary Rebecca (Glenn) Boyd. The Boyds and the Glenns were well-known families of the area. Belle's grandfather, James Glenn, served in the Revolutionary War and was presented several awards by General George Washington for outstanding service. Members of the Boyd family were merchants and owned several general stores in the area. She was 18 years old when the Civil War began.
Thomas Nelson Page, born April 23, 1853
Thomas Nelson Page was born at Oakland, one of the Nelson family plantations, in Hanover County, Virginia, to John Page and Elizabeth Burwell Nelson. He was eight years old when the Civil War began.
born February 8, 1817
Richard Stoddert Ewell was born in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., the third son of Dr. Thomas and Elizabeth Stoddert Ewell. He was raised in Prince William County, Virginia, from the age of 3, at an estate near Manassas known as "Stony Lonesome." He was 44 years old when the Civil War began.
Joseph Evan Davis, born April 18, 1859
Anderson Abbott, born April 7, 1837
Anderson Ruffin Abbott was born in Toronto, Canada, the son of Wilson Ruffin Abbott and and Ellen (Toyer) Abbott. He was 24 years old when the Civil War began.
Edward Baker was born in London, England in 1811 to schoolteacher Edward Baker and Lucy Dickinson Baker, poor but educated Quakers. He was fifty years old when the Civil War began.
"Madame Restell" (Ann Trow Lohman), born May 6, 1812
Ann Caroline Trow was born in Painswick, Gloucestershire, England. Her father, John Trow, was a woolen mill laborer. She was 49 years old when the Civil War began.
Jean Davenport, born May 3, 1829
Jean Margaret Davenport was born May 3, 1829, in Wolverhampton, England. She was 32 years old when the Civil War began.
Edgar von Westphalen, born March 26, 1819
Edgar Julius Oscar Gerhard Ludwig von Westphalen was born March 26 1819 in Trier, Germany. He was 42 years old when the American Civil War began.
Henry Villard (Heinrich Hilgard), born April 10, 1835
Hubert Dilger, born March 5, 1836
Hubert Anton Casimir Dilger was born in Engen in the Black Forest region in Germany on March 5, 1836. He was 25 years old when the Civil War began.
David Sinton, born June 26, 1808
David Sinton was born in County Armagh, Ireland, the son of Quaker linen manufacturer John Sinton, of Unshinagh, and Mary McDonnell. John Sinton was a cousin of Irish Quaker industrialist brothers, Thomas and John Sinton. Thomas Sinton made a significant impact upon the Irish linen trade, establishing the village of Laurelvale in County Armagh. The Sintons, like so many of Northern Ireland's linen families were Quakers. David Sinton was 53 years old when the Civil War began.
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was born in Ovens, County Cork, Ireland, the third child and second son of Dr. Joseph Cleburne, a physician, and Mary Anne Ronayne Cleburne. He was born the day before St. Patrick's Day. He was 33 years old when the Civil War began.
born March 16, 1828
Myles Walter Keogh, born March 25, 1840
Myles Keogh was born in Orchard House, County Carlow, Ireland on March 25, 1840. He was 21 years old when the Civil War began.
Prussia - Silesia
Henry Mosler, born June 6, 1841
Henry Mosler was born in Tropplowitz, Prussian Silesia (now in Poland), the first son of Gustavus and Sophia Weiner Mosler. The family would eventually grow to eight children: five sons and three daughters. Henry Mosler was 20 years old when the Civil War began in 1861.
John Muir was born in Dunbar, Scotland, the oldest son of Daniel and Ann Gilrye Muir. He was the third of eight children in the family. In 1849, when John was eleven yearfamily immigrated to the United States. Muir was 23